Clive Campbell (born April 16, 1955), better known by his stage name DJ Kool Herc, is a Jamaican-American DJ who is credited for originating hip hop music in the Bronx, New York City, in the 1970s through his “Back to School Jam”, hosted on August 11, 1973, at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue.
How did DJ Kool Herc create hip hop music?
DJ Kool Herc developed the style that was the blueprint for hip hop music. Herc used the record to focus on a short, heavily percussive part in it: the “break”. Since this part of the record was the one the dancers liked best, Herc isolated the break and prolonged it by changing between two record players.
Who is the father of hip-hop?
Nicknamed the Father of Hip-Hop, Campbell began playing hard funk records of the sort typified by James Brown . Campbell began to isolate the instrumental portion of the record which emphasized the drum beat—the “break”—and switch from one break to another.
What did hip-hop artists do in the Bronx?
Hip-hop artists and their fans pursued joy and self-expression despite the dire realities of their surroundings. Painful times for a city and a nation became times of discovery and experimentation for disenfranchised youth in the Bronx.
How did hip-hop evolve in the Bronx?
Painful times for a city and a nation became times of discovery and experimentation for disenfranchised youth in the Bronx. Four elements of the hip-hop movement–graffiti art, break dancing, DJing, and MCing (rapping)–emerged together, but the earliest hip-hop parties centered on the disc jockey.
Who was the first ever DJ of hiphop in New York?
On August 11, 1973, Clive and Cindy Campbell threw a party in their apartment building in the Bronx, New York. DJ Kool Herc’s beats that evening marked the birth of hip-hop.
When did hip-hop start in New York City?
On August 11, 1973, Clive and Cindy Campbell threw a party in their apartment building in the Bronx, New York. DJ Kool Herc’s beats that evening marked the birth of hip-hop. In 1973, the Bronx in New York City was one of the most dangerous neighborhoods in the United States. Robbery, muggings and murder were part of the residents’ everyday life.
Where did hip-hop come from?
The roots of hip-hop are in reggae and dancehall, as DJ Kool Herc and Cindy Campbell are of Jamaican descent. Back in 1973, Herc and emcee Coke LaRock borrowed elements from Jamaican sound systems and toasters, thus birthing the sound of hip-hop.
How did the Bronx win the rights to DJ history?
“The Bronx won the rights to DJ history through constant repetition of the first time DJ Kool Herc connected his sound system and mixed records,” says Morgan, arguing that hip-hop’s pioneers transformed “the land of the ghetto into the land of myth and the future.” Jeff Chang agrees.
Why did DJ Kool Herc start hip-hop?
DJ Kool Herc’s beats that evening marked the birth of hip-hop. In 1973, the Bronx in New York City was one of the most dangerous neighborhoods in the United States. Robbery, muggings and murder were part of the residents’ everyday life. Youths organized themselves into street gangs, taking control of their blocks and fighting each other.
Who is the Puerto Rican DJ from the Bronx?
DJ Disco Wiz (born Luis Cedeño), was born in the Bronx, New York, USA, to a Puerto Rican father and a mother from Cuba. He is also credited with being the first Latino DJ in Hip-Hop music.
Who was the first Latino DJ?
Puerto Rican and Cuban DJ Disco Wiz, born Luis Cedeño, is credited as being the very first Latino DJ in Hip-hop. The Bronx native was one half of the Mighty Force crew, with Grandmaster Caz (then Casanova Fly), who presented the first Latino rapper, Prince Whipper Whip.
Who is Puerto Rican DJ Sneak?
Puerto Rican DJ Sneak, born Carlos Sosa, is both a DJ and producer, from Chicago, part of the second wave of house music makers in the Windy City. He has released over 10 albums since 1996, and you can still catch him spinning at several venues around the world.
Who is DJ Disco Wiz?
DJ Disco Wiz from the Bronx was also a pioneer in hip hop as a part of one of the first DJ crews, Mighty Force. He is credited for creating mixed plate alongside another legendary DJ Grandmaster Caz. In the early 1990’s, Puerto Rican Kool Bob Love aka Bobbito linked up with Stretch Armstrong to create their legendary “Stretch & Bobbito Show.”
Who is the best Latinx DJ?
Another Latinx DJ you should know is DJ Chris Villa. Based in Arizona, Villa was chosen by the Phoenix New Times as the Best DJ in 2018. Not only does he spin five nights a week, but he is also the official DJ of the Arizona Diamondbacks. The last Latinx DJ of this roundup, that you should know, is DJ Camilo.
Who started as a DJ in New York City?
DJ Kool Herc
In 1973, Jamaican-born DJ Kool Herc, widely regarded as the “father of hip-hop culture,” performed at block parties in his Bronx neighborhood and developed a technique of mixing back and forth between two identical records to extend the rhythmic instrumental segment, or break.
Who were the DJs in New York City in 1977?
Bam and Herc and Flash and Spectrum City, Pete DJ Jones, King Charles, the Disco Twins, and Infinity — all these folks who were DJ’ing, generally reflected the nuanced diverse playlist of what Frankie did. You couldn’t hear that anywhere else. NEW YORK CITY teetered on the brink in the summer of 1977.
Who was a DJ during the blackout in New York City?
And when the lights came back on in New York City, everybody had DJ equipment. MC Debbie D (artist, South Bronx): When you get to the blackout, it shifts hip-hop. It’s a pivotal moment, because like a week later, everybody was a DJ. Everybody. Easy A.D. (Cold Crush Brothers): We needed something to change the way that we felt.
Who was the founder of hip hop?
One of the most influential hip hop pioneers was DJ Kool Herc, a Jamaican immigrant regarded as the founding father of hip hop. Kool Herc made history in 1973 when he and his sister hosted the “Back to School Jam” in the recreation room of their Bronx apartment building at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue.
Who is Kool DJ Rock?
Bucano was a 14-year-old kid in the Bronx when Kool Herc birthed hip-hop, but was instantly hooked. After getting his first turntable, he started spinning under the name Kool DJ Rock and went on to become one of New York’s most in-demand party promoters, putting on events that helped launch hip-hop legends like Grandmaster Flash.
What is the name of the DJ at the party jam where hip hop is said to have been born?
DJ Kool Herc’s
DJ Kool Herc’s 1973 Party Gave the World Hip-Hop.
Did DJ Kool Herc’s ‘back to school jam’ start a culture?
It is 50 years since DJ Kool Herc’s ‘back to school jam’ in New York’s West Bronx kick-started a movement and birthed a whole culture, writes Rebecca Laurence.
Who are Cindy Campbell & DJ Kool Herc?
Musicians Cindy Campbell and DJ Kool Herc take center stage in a 2013 celebration of the 40th anniversary of hip-hop. The brother and sister duo threw a “Back-to School Jam” in August, 1973 and launched a lasting music genre. Jack Vartoogian, Getty Images On the night of August 11, 1973, Cindy Campbell became the First Lady and Mother of Hip-Hop.
When did a ‘back to school jam’ start?
On 11 August 1973, a ‘back to school jam’ in New York’s West Bronx kick-started a movement and birthed a whole culture, writes Rebecca Laurence.
Who was the first Bronx DJ?
DJ Kool Herc
DJ Kool Herc was her 18-year-old brother, Clive Campbell. So on August 11, 1973, DJ Kool Herc dragged his sound system, consisting of two turntables, a mixer, an amplifier and a set of speakers, into the community room of the tenement building at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue in the Bronx.
Who is DJ Herc & what did he do in Harlem?
As Gray and others have pointed out, Herc wasn’t the only DJ prepping the world for a new genre. In Harlem, DJ Hollywood was talking over records around the same time; another Bronx native, Disco King Mario, was also pumping the music.
Who is DJ Smokey?
DJ Smokey is a mysterious figure who has emerged from the Canadian underground over the last few years, supplying innumerable instrumental bangers as well as production on plenty of songs you know and love.
What was the Bronx like in the 1970s?
In the 1970s, New York City’s northernmost borough fostered the newly emerging hip-hop music and cultural scene. During this time, the Bronx was beset with poverty, drugs, and gang culture, but was also home to a strong, diverse, family oriented community.
Who was the Jamaican DJ that became one of the most popular DJ in New York City?
Kool DJ Herc
East Coast hip-hop began with the unique rhythmic combinations created by Kool DJ Herc, a Jamaican DJ who moved to Brooklyn at the age of 12 and quickly became one of the most popular DJ’s of New York City.
Do Jamaican dancehall artists retire?
Dancehall music is among the most played genre of music in the world. It has the power to cheer you up and get you moving. Veteran dancehall artists like Beanie Man, Elephant Man, Mr Vegas, and Bounty Killer are still celebrated worldwide. Top Jamaican dancehall artists do not retire as they believe in their music and entertaining fans.
Why is reggae so popular in Jamaica?
Reggae is a music genre that’s become synonymous with Jamaica. Artists including Bob Marley, Shaggy, and Sean Paul took the world and the music industry by storm with their one-of-a-kind style. There have been so many Jamaican artists who’ve contributed great music to the world.
Who are the top Jamaican dancehall artists in 2021?
Govana, who also goes by Deablo, is among the top Jamaican dancehall artists in 2021. The artiste is a prodigy of Aidonia, another dancehall king. Together with Aidonia, he has been working on major projects and expanding his catalogue. His latest songs include POP, 1Matik, Karen, and Chap chop.
Who was the first DJ in New York?
Clive Campbell (born April 16, 1955), better known by his stage name DJ Kool Herc, is a Jamaican American DJ who is a pioneer of hip hop music in the Bronx, New York City, in the 1970s.
Who was the first DJ to use a turntable?
By the early 1940s, radio DJ Jimmy Savile became known as the first DJ dance party playing jazz records in an Otley function room. He came to prominence at the Loyal Order of Ancient Shepherds and, in 1947, claimed to be the first DJ to use twin turntables.
When did DJs start playing music?
French singer and nightclub impresario Regine started playing music with two turntables in 1953, with discos emerging around Europe. Around this time, American radio DJs began performing at local dance events known as sock hops, playing popular recorded music to teenagers.
Who was the first DJ to mix & edit live?
Martinez is known as the first DJ who mixed and edited tracks live in 1964 and showcased what could be achieved with specialist gear. By the late 1960s, beatmatching continued to evolve and grow in popularity, as well as the technique of slip-cuing to line up tracks.
What was the name of the DJ that greatly influenced hip hop?
The Legendary DJ Kool Herc is consistently credited as the Founder of Hip-Hop. His mastery at the turntables is known worldwide, as are his positive contribution to the evolution of Hip-Hop culture. Herc has received a lot of recognitions including being highlighted in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum in 1995.
Who were the most influential hip hop pioneers?
Several people were influential in creating hip hop. However, the most notable pioneers are DJ Kool Herc, Afrika Bambaataa, and Grandmaster Flash. These three innovators are known as the “Holy Trinity” of hip hop. One of the most influential hip hop pioneers was DJ Kool Herc, a Jamaican immigrant regarded as the founding father of hip hop.
Who influenced hip hop & rap?
Artists such as Melle Mel, KRS-One, Rakim, Chuck D, and Warp 9 were pivotal in advancing hip hop lyrics and the art of rapping. There was also a wave of new school rappers who were pivotal in bringing hip hop to the mainstream. At the forefront was RUN DMC, a hip hop trio who fused rap with hard rock.
Who were the first rap groups in hip-hop history?
Together, they formed one of the first rap groups in hip-hop history – Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. As hip-hop gained popularity in the 1980s, the art of the DJ spread beyond the Bronx and found its way into mainstream culture. DJs were no longer just playing records, but also took center stage and added their unique flare to the genre.
Who is the father of hip-hop dance?
DJ Kool Herc
Deejaying, Emceeing, Breaking and Dancing, and Graffiti weren’t just hobbies – they were sanctuaries. DJ Kool Herc (AKA the “Father of Hip Hop”) used to start block parties in the West Bronx (AKA the “birthplace of Hip Hop”). He played music on his turntables and the community would come out to mingle and dance.
What is hip hop dance?
Many dance and fitness studios use the term “Hip Hop” to describe their classes, despite the fact that the movements are not based on Hip Hop’s foundational grooves or culture. And all of these misuses of the term “Hip Hop” have led people to believe that any choreography danced to Hip Hop, Rap, and R&B music is considered Hip Hop dance, which
How did DJ Kool Herc develop a hip hop style?
DJ Kool Herc developed the style that was used as one of the additions to the blueprints for hip hop music. Herc used the record to focus on a short, heavily percussive part in it: the “break”. Since this part of the record was the one the dancers liked best, Herc isolated the break and prolonged it by changing between two record players.
Was DJ Kool Herc Puerto Rican?
Many of the so-called founding fathers of hip hop were of Latin American and/or Caribbean origin, including DJ Kool Herc (Jamaican), DJ Disco Wiz (Puerto Rican and Cuban descent), Grandmaster Flash (Bajan), and Afrika Bambaataa (Jamaican and Bajan descent).
Who is DJ Kool Herc?
Today, DJ Kool Herc is considered one of the pioneers of hip hop music and culture for his contributions. When Afrika Bambaataa decided to become a contributor to hip hop culture, he drew from two inspiration sources: the Black liberation movement and the sounds of DJ Kool Herc.
How old was Herc when he became a DJ?
16-year-old Herc made his debut as a DJ at his sister’s party in the recreation room at 1520 Sedgwick Ave on August 11, 1973. Many believe this was the night Hip Hop was born, and Herc became known as its “Father” influencing all future DJs and their techniques.
How did Kool Herc get his name?
1967: Clive Campbell migrates to the United States at the age of 11. Because of his size, kids at Alfred E. Smith High School nickname him Hercules. He would later become a writer and change his name to Kool Herc. 1973: DJ Kool Herc deejays his first block party (his sister’s birthday) at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue, Bronx, NY.
How did Kool Herc influence Grandmaster Flash?
Kool Herc inspired Grandmaster Flash to be a DJ for example, and was the true king of the party scene in the West-Bronx. He was known for having an ‘innovative’ sound system that shook the ground and with that he became the first block party superstar that could draw a crowd anywhere in New York. By that time, Herc had developed a crack habit.
Who invented rap in the Bronx?
It was there at Highbridge’s 1520 Sedgwick Avenue that an 18-year-old Jamaican immigrant by the name of Clive “DJ Kool Herc” Campbell invented a new genre of music when he looped the break of James Brown’s “Give It Up or Turnit Loose” inside of the packed rec-room.
Does the Bronx have a hip-hop culture?
The Bronx has yet to capitalize off of the culture it created in any significant way. At the time of hip-hop’s inception, the Bronx had the highest poverty rate of not just New York City, but of all 62 counties in New York state. Fifty years later, it holds that same status.
Who influenced hip hop in New York?
Although other influences, most notably musical sequencer Grandmaster Flowers of Brooklyn and Grandwizard Theodore of the Bronx contributed to the birth of hip hop in New York, and although it was downplayed in most US books about hip hop, the main root of this sound system culture was Jamaican.
Who is the founder of hip-hop Jamaica?
While a number of people were influential in the creation of hip-hop, much credit is given to Kool Herc (Clive Campbell), a Jamaican immigrant who was the first major hip-hop disc jockey.
Who are the founders of hip-hop?
While a number of people were influential in the creation of hip-hop, much credit is given to Kool Herc (Clive Campbe
Is Hip-Hop Nation an exhibit a for America’s latest Cultural Revolution?
“‘Hip-Hop Nation’ Is Exhibit A for America’s Latest Cultural Revolution”. Time. Archived from the originalon February 20, 2005. Retrieved January 1,2009. ^Farley, Christopher John (October 18, 1999). “Rock’s New Spin”. Time. Archived from the originalon January 24, 2005. Retrieved January 1,2009. ^”5 Fine Books You Missed (We Did)”. Time.
Who is considered as the father of hip-hop that came to New York from Jamaica in 1967?
Now widely recognized as the father of hip-hop, Clive “DJ Kool Herc” Campbell first arrived in New York as a young boy in the late 1960s.
When did hip-hop start in the Bronx?
1974: After seeing DJ Kool Herc perform at block parties, Grandmaster Caz, Grandmaster Flash, and Afrika Bambaataa start playing at parties all over the Bronx neighborhoods. Around this time, DJ/MC/Crowd Pleaser Lovebug Starski starts referring to this culture as “hip-hop.”
Who brought hip-hop to New York?
It’s here Clive Campbell a.k.a. DJ Kool Herc threw a rec room party in 1973 that put hip-hop as we know it in motion. The city’s northernmost borough is the home of groundbreaking artists from OGs Grandmaster Flash and Slick Rick, to contemporary stars including Cardi B.
What is the history of hip-hop in New York City?
The History of Hip-Hop in New York City is a very important aspect of the history of New York City in general due to where Hip-Hop arose from. It arose from the poor, minority-run areas of the Bronx showing the landscape of NYC of the time.
Who is hip-hop & why is he so famous?
Hip-Hop is a child of NYC and grew up to be a star that represents the culture and history of the world famous city. Chang, Jeff. Can’t Stop Won’t Stop: a History of the Hip-Hop Generation.
How did hip-hop influence New York City teen and young adult culture?
Reeves says that hip-hop, dancing and street art were significant Bronx teen and young adult contributions that spread to New York City and beyond. “Back then…you had a lot of black popular culture going towards disco and mainstream [music],” Reeves says.
What was hip hop like in the 1970s?
Old-school hip hop often sampled disco and funk tracks, such as “Good Times” by Chic, when performed live in the 1970s. Recorded hip hop (such as Sugarhill Gang’s “Rapper’s Delight”) would use a live band to do covers of the famous breaks from the 1970s block parties.
What American hip hop group from New York City formed in 1978?
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five are one of the most influential American hip-hop groups in history. Group was formed in the South Bronx of New York City in 1978, and it was composed of a DJ, “Grandmaster Flash,” and five rappers Melle Mel, Kidd Creole, Cowboy, Mr. Ness / Scorpio, and Rahiem.
How did hip-hop start?
Hip-hop was born in the summer of 1973 at a block party in New York City’s Bronx when DJ Kool Herc extended the beat of a recording using two turntables and a mixer to fade between them, then started emceeing as the music continued. His techniques came to be known as scratching and rapping — two of the key elements in hip-hop music.